In-Home Senior Care: When Should I Ask for Help?

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When is it time for an in-home senior caregiver?

For most of us independence and privacy is an important condition for a comfortable life. We each have our habits and methods of doing things, and life has a rhythm that just “fits” our personalities. But as people age and physical changes occur, we may find ourselves or loved ones dealing with those changes ineffectively. Sooner or later the question starts nagging at us, “When should I look for help?”

But then we think, “Oh, I don’t need help. I don’t want to be a burden to anyone.” or “I can’t tell Mom what to do – she’d never listen to me, anyway.” Or “Dad would never accept help, he’s too proud.” or “It’s not time yet, let’s wait”. And so we wait and do what we can ourselves, all the while still wondering, “When should I look for help?”

The good news is we don’t have to guess. There are some common indicators that help us tell when it’s time to get some help. We don’t have to wait for a crisis situation to throw everyone into a panic. If fact, the goal should be to avoid the crisis, for everyone’s benefit.

Here are some things to observe as you go about your normal interactions with the seniors in your lives.

Physical Condition:
Have you or your loved one been diagnosed with a medical condition that affects their daily living? For example, dressing, grooming, shaving, toileting, eating. The tremors of Parkinson’s can make dressing difficult and nutritional needs of diabetics can be challenging.

Personal Care:
Now this is tricky. Do you really want to talk about hygiene with your parents? These are quiet observations that are often missed by doctors. Why? The senior gets all dressed up for a doctor visit. They do their hair, put on lipstick and clean clothes. Going to the doctor is an event.
It is while at home for long stretches that the decline may be more detectable. Try to visit without calling first. Notice odors, laundry, clothing. Are the clothes appropriate for the season? Are baths/showers being taken regularly? Is there any body odor? Are teeth and hair brushed and washed regularly? Are incontinence products worn if necessary, and changed regularly and correctly?

Driving:
Has driving become difficult, uncertain or scary? Have reflexes and decision making slowed? Have new dings, dents or scratches appeared on vehicles? Check their car for dents.

Let’s face it. Driving means independence. This is one of the hardest decisions to make but may also be the most obvious.

Unfortunately for my mom, it was an accident that totaled her car that finally stopped her driving. Luckily, she was not hurt seriously but really who wants it to come to that?

A physician, police officer or family member may request a re-examination.

Nutrition:
Is your or your loved one’s weight stable? Are you/they eating regularly and nutritiously? Is the refrigerator properly stocked with a variety of foods? Does all the food have current expiration dates? Is there spoiled food in the refrigerator or on the counters?
A natural part of aging is diminished sense of taste and smell which may cause poor appetite.
Diminished sense of smell can also cause safety issues such as not smelling a gas leak or eating spoiled food. Nutrition is important. Unfortunately, weight loss may also be due to illness.
It’s no fun to eat alone. Time your visits with meal time to encourage eating.

Household Tasks:
Are household chores being done regularly? For example, dusting, laundry, vacuuming. Are bed linens changed regularly? Have household chores become frustrating, physically demanding, or time consuming? When you visit your parents, are you spending all your time on chores and none on quality time?

Socialization:
Do you or your loved one have moods of loneliness, despair, depression, frustration, irritability, or anxiety? Is there fear or insecurity about going out of the house? Perhaps they don’t go to bingo because they cannot see the bingo cards anymore, but don’t want to admit that. Fear of falling may keep them indoors. Loss of hearing makes it difficult to participate in conversations. Do they nod and laugh instead of joining in the conversation? These are all clues to watch for.

Mental Health:
Are there memory lapses? Is there difficulty finding the right words? Is there inconsistency between words and action? Is anxiety or moodiness evident?
We all experience those “senior moments” when we forget what we came into a room for. But are these becoming more frequent? Does mom forget family members?

Medication:
Are medications being taken regularly and on time? Are medications being refilled on schedule? Does the senior understand what the medications are being taken for?
Talking with the doctor, establishing a routine and using a pill box can help manage this. Prefilled pill packs are available from many local pharmacies.

Finances, Mail, Paperwork:
Is the senior having difficulty managing their checkbook, finances, bills and personal affairs? Are there past due notices arriving? Is mail piling up? Is there a reasonable amount of cash on hand? Are important documents or similar items like purses, wallets and keys being misplaced frequently or for long periods of time? Are they appearing in unusual places? Talking about finances can be difficult. They are from a generation that does not talk about these things. But asking if they have a will, a power of attorney or a DNR is important.

Safety, Security and Sanitation:
Are appliances being left on such as the stove or coffee pot? Does the senior fall asleep with cigarettes burning? Is the house allowed to get too hot or too cold? Is the house always unlocked? Has the senior fallen in the past 6 months? Have there been multiple falls? Is there clutter on the floor? Is trash piling up in or around the house? Are toilets functioning properly? Is pet debris evident?

Family members often see the changes in the way a senior moves, acts, thinks, and responds to situations around them but dismiss them until one of two things happen. Either the family begins to spend so much time helping the senior themselves that they have little time for their own responsibilities or the senior experiences a physical or medical crisis. Both of these result in undue stress for the family and the senior. If you have a concern with even one set of indicators, it’s time to acknowledge it, learn more about what is causing it, and what options are available to overcome it. Speak openly, calmly, and honestly about the issue and the type of assistance needed to overcome it. Frequently, simple changes can make a big improvement. We encourage you to be proactive and avoid a crisis situation that throws everyone into an emotional reaction. Calm, rational transitions are easier on everyone than stressful ones.

Finally, keep your efforts as informal as possible. Rather than going through the house like an inspector with a checklist, make your observations through normal, casual interaction. Make a mental note when you see things that are of concern. Keep conversation non-threatening and cooperative. Make every effort to respect the senior’s wishes while assisting with their needs. It is important that they maintain their independence if able to do so safely. Never do for an adult what they can do for themselves.

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Arista Home Care Solutions is the leading provider of in-home caregiving services in Toledo, Ohio and the surrounding areas.  If you would like a free in home care consultation, do not hesitate to contact us, and we will be happy to meet with you.

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